UO Solar Radiation Monitoring Laboratory

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SRML Glossary — "T"

Special thanks to NREL

We'd like to thank the National Renewable Energy Laboratory for making available to us their glossary, which is the basis of ours. We've edited and reformatted it, and linked it to our Web pages, and we'll continue to add our own specialized terms, illustrations, and examples. Please note that the Solar Radiation Monitoring Laboratory takes full responsibility for any inaccuracies that may occur.

Links to other glossary sections:

A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z


Temporal
 
  Pertaining to time, such as temporal variation (variation over time).
Terrestrial Radiation
 
  Electromagnetic radiation that is emitted by the Earth, as opposed to solar radiation emitted by the sun.
Thermopile
 
  A set of thermocouple junctions connected in series in order to boost the voltage to a meaningful amount (usually measured in millivolts). A thermocouple is a metallic strip or wire that produces an electromagnetic potential (voltage) when the two ends (junctions) are at different temperatures. The "cold" junctions of thermopile radiometers are painted white to reflect radiation, and the "hot" junctions are painted black to absorb radiation.
TMY
 
  Typical Meteorological Year, a "typical" year of hourly solar and meteorological values which is designed to produce the expected climate of a location throughout a year.
Total Solar Radiation
 
  Solar radiation that is the sum of direct, diffuse, and ground-reflected radiation; however, because ground reflected radiation is usually insignificant compared to direct and diffuse, for all practical purposes global radiation is said to be the sum of direct and diffuse radiation only.

Click Shining On (Figure 3) to see solar components


Tracking Collector
 
  Any collector that changes its orientation throughout the day in order to follow the path of the sun in the sky. Two-axis trackers continually face the sun, while one-axis trackers rotate on one axis so that collectors receive the maximum amount of circumsolar radiation that strikes the axis.
Transient Response
 
  The short-term response of an instrument caused by a change of status of the instrument's environment. For example, the switching of a power supply on and off will send very short-term power spikes that can be detected by a volt meter with sufficiently rapid response time.
Transmittance
 
  The fraction or percent of a particular frequency or wavelength of electromagnetic radiation that passes through a substance without being absorbed or reflected.
Transpiration
 
  The transfer of water from the leaves of plants to water vapor in the atmosphere.
TRNSYS
 
  TRNSYS is computer software that is used for designing buildings and systems that utilize solar energy.
Troposphere
 
  The lowest region of the atmosphere between the surface of the earth and the stratosphere. In the troposphere the temperature usually decreases with increasing altitude.
Trough
 
  A colloquial and descriptive name of the parabolic cylinder (surface of constant parabolic cross-section) used for collecting solar radiation along the focal length. Trough systems follow the path of the sun by pivoting on one axis (typically East-West or North-South), using shiny parabolic troughs to heat the collector fluid that passes through a tube at the focus. Below is an illustration from the Solar Radiation Data Manual for Flat Plate and Concentrating Collectors.


Turbidity
 
  A measure of the opacity of the atmosphere. A perfectly clear sky has a turbidity of 0, and a perfectly opaque sky has a turbidity of 1. Turbidity is affected by air molecules and aerosols.
   
Links to other glossary sections:

A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z

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© 2000, UO Solar Radiation Monitoring Laboratory.
Last revised: December 11, 2000.


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